The National Academies of Science, Engineering and Medicine released Integrating Responses at the Intersection of Opioid Use Disorder and Infectious Disease Epidemics, a report documenting the proceedings of a two-day meeting of public health, drug policy and law enforcement experts, including leaders of the Infectious Diseases Society of America and the HIV Medicine Association.
Exploring the scope of a public health crisis that has led to a four-fold increase in hospitalizations for infections related to opioid use, tripled rates of hepatitis C infection, and seen HIV incidence rise among people who inject drugs, the report also examines obstacles and opportunities, as well as potential research and policy approaches toward integrated opioid use disorder and infectious diseases prevention and treatment.
The report affirms the need for surveillance of opioid use related infections that include HIV, hepatitis B and C, endocarditis, a heart valve infection, as well as blood, bone and soft tissue infections. It underscores the increasing need for trained healthcare providers, who can provide integrated care that includes evidence-based treatment for opioid use disorders. In addition, the report documents consensus among workshop participants that the causes, as well as the consequences of opioid use must be addressed, across the spectrum of responses.
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